November 1, 2019

Goa Raja Temple (Pura Goa Raja Besakih) In Karangasem Bali

Goa Raja Temple is the stana of Ida Bhatara Rambut Sedana or Bhatara Sri Sedana, as a manifestation of Ida Sang Hyang Widi Wasa who bestows wealth and welfare for humanity. This is a beautiful temple, covered by holy vibe and cool mountain atmosphere.

Goa Raja Temple, Pura Goa Raja Besakih

This temple is called the meeting place or "pesamuhan" of Sang Hyang Naga Tiga, which consists of Sang Hyang Naga Ananta Boga, Sang Hyang Naga Basuki, and Sang Hyang Naga Taksaka.

It is stated in the ancient text of Lontar Prakempa Gunung Agung that to save the world, Sang Hyang Tri Murti transformed into Sang Hyang Naga Tiga. Lord Brahma transformed into Naga Ananta Boga, Lord Vishnu turned into Naga Basuki, and Lord Iswara became Naga Taksaka.

Naga Basuki as the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, his head moves the ocean, evaporates sea water into clouds and brings rain. Its tail turned into a mountain and its tail scales became thick trees in the forest. Furthermore, it is believed that the head of Naga Basuki is a representation of Goa Lawah Temple in Klungkung Regency. While the tail is a representation of Goa Raja Temple in Besakih, Karangasem Regency.

There is a popular folklore about a rooster that entered the Goa Lawah. It was said that at that time there was a Cockfighting activity in Gowa Lawah and one of the roosters ran and entered the cave.

The owner chases it into the cave. He continued to look for it until he finally came out in Goa Raja in Besakih. It is said that in the past the tunnel in Goa Raja was connected to Goa Lawah, but this tunnel has been covered in volcanic material during the eruption of Mount Agung.

Goa Raja Temple, Pura Goa Raja Besakih Pura Goa Raja Besakih

Goa Raja Besakih Temple also has a connection with the story of Manik Angkeran and Dang Hyang Sidimantra (holy priest). In the story of Dang Hyang Sidimantra's trip to Besakih, it is said that the priest made offerings on certain days at Goa Raja. The offering was addressed to Naga Basuki, in the form of: "empahan" (milk), honey, and eggs.

Then it was mentioned that Manik Angkeran (son of Dang Hyang Sidimantra) cut off the tail of Naga Basuki to get the precious gem. He was finally burned to ash by the dragon. Knowing this matter, Dang Hyang Sidimantra immediately reconnects the dragon's tail until it is whole again. Then Manik Angkera, which has become ashes, was revived by Naga Basuki.

This holy is located in Besakih Village, Rendang, Karangasem Regency, Bali. This temple is close to Ulun Kul Kul Temple, both of which are still in the Besakih Temple Complex. This temple is on the road side and there is a big tree in the temple yard. The temple is quite shady with a peaceful ambiance.

Meanwhile, to reach the location of the cave, visitors must walk for a while and steps down several block-stairs. You will arrive at a rather narrow path which was previously a river flow. You will pass this path until you reach the mouth of the cave. It was stated that restoration had been done in this temple in 2002. The piodalan anniversary in the temple was celebrated on Wednesday or Buda Wage wuku Kelawu, in Balinese Calendar.


  2. _ Besakih Temple _ on October 29, 2019
  3. Image : Original Collection

Searches on this site related to Goa Raja Temple:

1. Besakih Temple
2. Goa Lawah Temple

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