March 11, 2016

Taman Ayun Royal Temple - Mengwi Bali

Taman Ayun Royal Temple , Pura Taman Ayun Temple Bell Tower , Temple Great Hall , Inner Temple , Royal Water Temple
Taman Ayun Royal Temple , Pura Taman Ayun Temple Bell Tower

Taman Ayun Royal Temple offers the grandeur of Balinese traditional architecture style that reflected in beautiful temple with roof overlaps and water features. This temple is a place for Mengwi people to honor their ancestors. The royal water temple exemplifying the fullest expansion of the subak system. A beautiful garden, unique features and spacious lawn will greet the visitors, truly amazing!

Let's take a closer look to the beautiful of The Royal Temple!












Taman Ayun Royal Temple

The temple is regarded as "mother temple" of Mengwi territories. This water temple complex is a family temple or Pura Merajan Agung of the Royal Family as well as a unifying symbol of the kingdom and its people. Taman Ayun Royal Temple is a place for Mengwi people to honor their ancestors.

This royal water temple is the biggest water temple complex in Bali which has water features that make the shrine like adrift on the water. Mentioned in ancient manuscript Babad Mengwi, the temple is established by King of Mengwi named I Gusti Agung Putu in 1634 AD. This amazing shrines keep the history and cultural richness from the past.

Taman Ayun Royal Temple , Pura Taman Ayun Temple Bell Tower

This amazing temple is a home for tropical trees that shading the garden. The fountain feature has nine water jet, one in the center and the other eight overlooking the eight of wind direction also no less interesting. There is also Bale Bengong features that provide shelter for visitors while enjoying the beauty of the garden architecture.

Taman Ayun Royal Temple has a large open space, lawns manicured, lotus flowers adorn the water pool and there are several wonderful roof overlap temples or "Meru" with spiritual shades.

A beautiful garden and spacious lawn will greet the visitors. This water temple is part of "subak" or irrigation system in Bali and has received recognition from UNESCO in 2012.

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Taman Ayun Royal Temple , Pura Taman Ayun Temple Bell Tower

Pura Taman Ayun Temple Great Hall

Pura Taman Ayun Temple great hall or wantilan is a traditional architecture building. Wantilan is a multipurpose building to accommodate the various activities of citizens.

Wantilan buildings generally have a square shape. It has a primary function as a meeting place, dance performances and cultural event, and as a place for "Tabuh Rah" or cockfighting.

The building construction is supported by four main pillars. In addition, it also contained 12 or more as the support pillars around the main mast. The fourth side of the building is open-plan and has an overlaps roof structure.

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Taman Ayun Royal Temple , Pura Taman Ayun Temple Bell Tower

Pura Taman Ayun Temple Bell Tower

There are also building features called Bale Kulkul or Bell Tower. Bale kulkul is a tall building or tower-topped to hang the cylindrical wooden bell or kulkul. Pura Taman Ayun Temple Bell Tower convey a signal or a message in particular to the people around the temple.

Kulkul is one of communication medium in social activities in Bali. The sound of Kulkul has a close meaning with the activities of Balinese society such as a sign of regular meetings, mark the deployment of labor during the ceremony, and a sign of natural phenomena.

Bale Kulkul generally located at the corner of the T-junction and the corner of crossroads. Bale Kulku also comes with carving (sculpture) and other ornaments at each level with its own meaning.

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Taman Ayun Royal Temple , Pura Taman Ayun Temple Bell Tower

Pura Taman Ayun Inner Temple

The uniqueness of the most sought after by visitors was the Pura Taman Ayun Inner Temple. The Temple or Meru has overlaps roof. This location is a place for several roof overlap temple or Meru, various sizes, and has an overlaps roof up to 11 roofs.

Each meru has its own function and purpose. This building feature is surrounded by wide water trench and landscape that arranged beautifully. It has a spacious, tranquil and comfortable atmosphere.

Overall royal temple complex represents of the Mount Mahameru in the epoch story of Adhiparwa "churning in a sea of milk". The name of "Taman Ayun" means beautiful garden. This sacred shrine offers the visitor a magnificent Balinese traditional architecture style that reflected in beautiful temple with roof overlaps and water features.

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Taman Ayun Royal Temple , Pura Taman Ayun Temple Bell Tower

The Temple Location

The temple is situated at Mengwi Village in the District of Mengwi, Badung Regency, Bali. Visitor can access this place directly from Ngurah Rai International Airport, for about 30 Kilometers (1 hours and 15 minutes). It also can be reached from Denpasar City (about 17 kilometers or 45 minutes). The royal temple also close to Sangeh Monkey Forest about 12 kilometer or about 20 minutes eastward.

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Taman Ayun Royal Temple , Pura Taman Ayun Temple Bell Tower

Area Condition Around The Royal Temple

This area is influenced by Very Wet Region Climate (A type climate based on Schmidt-Ferguson climate classification maps). Very Wet Region Climate in the District of Mengwi has a humid season which begins from November continues to July. Dry season runs from August to October. The month of November becomes the turning point to rainy season. High Rainfall from December continues to March.

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Taman Ayun Royal Temple , Pura Taman Ayun Temple Bell Tower

Taman Ayun And UNESCO

Cultural Landscape of Bali Province: the Subak System as a Manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana Philosophy.

A line of volcanoes dominate the landscape of Bali and have provided it with fertile soil combined with a wet tropical climate, which make it an ideal place for crop cultivation. Water from the rivers has been channelled into canals to irrigate the land, allowing the cultivation of rice on both flat land and mountain terraces. Rice, the water that sustains it, and subak , the cooperative social system that controls the water, have together shaped the landscape over the past thousand years and are an integral part of religious life.

Water temples are the focus of a cooperative management of water resource by a group of subaks . Since the 11th century the water temple networks have managed the ecology of rice terraces at the scale of whole watersheds. The overall subak system exemplifies the Balinese philosophical principle of Tri Hita Karana that draws together the realms of the spirit, the human world and nature.

In total Bali has about 1,200 water collectives and between 50 and 400 farmers manage the water supply from one source of water. The property consists of five sites. The sites are The Supreme Water Temple Of Pura Ulun Danu Batur on the edge of Lake Batur whose crater lake is regarded as the ultimate origin of every spring and river, The Subak Landscape Of The Pakerisan Watershed the oldest known irrigation system in Bali, The Subak Landscape Of Catur Angga Batukaru with terraces mentioned in a 10th century inscription making them amongst the oldest in Bali and prime examples of Classical Balinese temple architecture, and The Royal Water Temple Of Pura Taman Ayun, the largest and most architecturally distinguished regional water temple, exemplifying the fullest expansion of the subak system under the largest Balinese kingdom in the 19th century.

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Reference

  1. google.co.id
  2. wikipedia.org
  3. BPS Kabupaten Badung
  4. Dinas Pariwisata Provinsi Bali
  5. Image : Original Collection
  6. Distance and Time : Google Maps Mobile
  7. Climate: Climate Classification Map (Schmidt-Ferguson) of BALI from BMKG Wilayah III Denpasar

Searches on this site related to Taman Ayun Royal Temple:

1. Sangeh Bali Monkey Forest.
2. Pura Ulun Danu Bratan.


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