August 23, 2016

Penjor in Bali and Local Wisdom implementation of Tri Hita Karana (THK)

Penjor in Bali, Local Wisdom, Tri Hita Karana

Galungan is one of Balinese Ceremony also a special moment which most sought after by tourists who visit to Bali. At this time, Balinese perform prayer and offering to the Creator. One of the most visible signs in the implementation of Galungan ceremony is the installation of Penjor Galungan.

Penjor in Bali and Local Wisdom implementation of Tri Hita Karana

A day before Galungan (called "Penampahan Galungan") every Balinese will install the Penjor in front of each house, lined up neatly along the main street, decorated with leaf and certain beautiful ornaments.

It is a remarkable moment, when Balinese and families dressed in traditional clothing, walking in the shade under the lined up Penjor, walked to the temple and deliver the offering. Implement the teachings of religion (Dharma) and preserve the tradition, for safety, welfare and protection of the Creator.

Penjor in Bali and Local Wisdom implementation of Tri Hita Karana

Penjor in Bali

Penjor in Bali can be divided into penjor sacral and penjor decor. Penjor Galungan is classified as penjor sacral, used during ceremonies or a certain ceremonial, equipped with "Sanggah Penjor" (a place to put the offerings) and several crops or called "pala bungkah and pala gantung". While penjor decor is usually used as a decoration to add a certain impression on an activity (without complete ingredients which are used in penjor sacral).

Penjor has main structure made of bamboo with a curved tip. Balinese people usually obtain the bamboo from the seller (market) or from their garden. The bamboo plants are cultivated by the several residents who still have a large area of land. It is associated with diverse uses of bamboo and also the economic value for the family.

Penjor Galungan use the complete decoration includes: bamboo penjor (completely decorated including the "sampian penjor"); sanggah penjor; pala bungkah (tubers); pala gantung (fruits) and banten (offerings). The bamboo is decorated with yellow leaf of coconut, furnished with other leaves, grains, cloth, cane, "jaja gina", and sampian penjor.

Sanggah Penjor made of woven bamboo, serves as place of the offerings, and also equipped with sampian and coconut fruit. Pala Bungkah in form of tubers such as cassava, sweet potatoes, taro and others. Pala Gantung in the form of fruits such as coconut, banana, guava and others. Banten is an offering that is placed in sanggah penjor and also below on the ground.

Penjor in Bali and Local Wisdom implementation of Tri Hita Karana

Local Wisdom implementation of Tri Hita Karana (THK)

Penjor in Bali is an obvious manifestation of the implementation of local wisdom called Tri Hita Karana. Tri Hita Karana is an "order of life" on a harmonious relationship with the Creator, with other fellow, and with the environment. This concept is a local wisdom that has been around since long time, inherited from generation to generation, and preserved until today.

In connection with the Creator (Parahyangan), penjor is a symbol of offerings or an expression of gratitude for the abundant grace, prosperity, welfare and safety that have been given by Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa (the Creator). Penjor Galungan is an integral part of the implementation of the Galungan Ceremony.

In connection with other fellow (Pawongan) reflected in the penjor making process that involves several people. Starting from the interaction of obtaining bamboo and other materials (seller or material owner), the making of ornaments and the installation involves a lot of social interaction. With this, social or community relationships that are formed will grow stronger and harmony.

In connection with the environment (Palemahan) is by the utilization of agricultural products such as bamboo, coconut, pala bungkah and pala gantung. All ingredients sourced from nature. Given this material is so important, of course, the availability must be maintained. Therefore, these materials are always preserved.

The Balinese believe that penjor is a symbol of Mount Agung, the highest mountain on the island as a place of the God. Penjor ingredients such as "pala bungkah" and "pala gantung" are the crop given by God as a saving grace, for welfare, and safety on earth. A holy offering equipped with ceremonial addressed to the Creator or Istadewata.


  2. _ Galungan _ on August 7, 2016
  3. Image : Original Collection

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