May 5, 2018

Tumpek Bali - A Celebration to Honour The Blessing of The Creator

Tumpek Bali

Tumpek is a special day that is celebrated to honor physical things and spirit, as an expression of gratitude for the blessings of The Creator, Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa. Tumpek is celebrated on certain days according to Balinese Calendar calculations.

Tumpek Bali, Tumpek Yang Ada Di Bali

This is a day where there is confluences between the "saptawara" cycle of Saturday (Saniscara) and the "pancawara" cycle of Kliwon, then known as "Saniscara Kliwon" and is celebrated every 35 days (one month in Balinese Calendar).

The source mentions that "tumpek" comes from the syllable "tu" (meaning metu/beginning) and "pek" (meaning ends), and is defined as the "beginning and end". Saturday is the end of the saptawara cycle (7 days) and Kliwon is the end of the pancawara cycle (5 days). So called as the beginning and end, the end of the previous cycles and the beginning for the new cycle.

Tumpek Bali

Tumpek is usually falls on a particular Wuku. Balinese has 30 wuku, each of which has duration of 7 days (one week). So the total age of Wuku is 210 days (6 months in Balinese Calendar).

Therefore, in a single cycle of wuku (210 days) there will be 6 (six) tumpek, which fall on wuku: Landep, Wariga, Kuningan, Krulut, Uye, and Wayang. Within a year there are 2 times of wuku cycle, so each tumpek is celebrated twice a year in Balinese Calendar. Each of them as follows:

1. Tumpek Landep is fall on Saniscara Kliwon wuku Landed and celebrated as an expression of gratitude devoted to Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in the manifestation as Sang Hyang Pasupati, for the grace of sharpness of mind to mankind in carrying out life, using metal objects to gain welfare and prosperity.

The sharpness of mind resembles a weapon that provides protection and facilitates activities such as: Keris and Tombak. This tradition was inherited and not only limited to heirloom weapons, but also the objects of iron or metal such as agricultural equipment and kitchens, vehicles, and others. These objects have helped and facilitated in carrying out activities or daily work.

2. Tumpek Wariga (Uduh) is fall on Saniscara Kliwon wuku Wariga (25 days before Galugan) and celebrated an expression of gratitude to the Creator in manifestation as Hyang Sangkara for the grace of green plants in sustaining life on Earth.

This day also has several names such as: Tumpek Wariga, Tumpek Bubuh, Tumpek Atag and Tumpek Pengarah. It is celebrated with the hope that fruit and flowers produced by plants can be used especially in the celebration of Galungan.

3. Tumpek Kuningan is fall on Saniscara Kliwon wuku Kuningan (10 days after Galungan). Balinese believes on this moment, the Gods and Pitara (Ancestors) descend to earth for blessing and bestow prosperity on humanity, both physically and spiritually.

Balinese will make yellow rice, which is a symbol of prosperity, as an expression of gratitude for the grace and blessing of the Creator. This celebration is usually held from the morning until before noon. From hereditary tradition in Bali is believed that after noon the Gods and Ancestors have been returned to Swarga Lokha.

4. Tumpek Krulut is fall on Saniscara Kliwon wuku Krulut and celebrated as an expression of gratitude presented to Ida Hyang Widi Wasa in the manifestation as Sang Hyang Iswara, above that the creation of sacred sounds in the form of percussion.

This is a ceremony to honor the Gamelan instruments and often referred to as "Odalan Gong". Through the ceremony, Balinese hopes that the Gamelan can bring a beautiful voice and has "taksu". Taksu is seen as inner power (spiritual) that provides intelligence and beauty.

5. Tumpek Uye (Kandang) is fall on Saniscara Kliwon wuku Uye and celebrated as an expression of gratitude to Ida Hyang Widi Wasa in the manifestation as Sang Hyang Rare Angon, for the grace of of life, health, and healing in animals (pets).

The animals contribute greatly in helping on the farm, increasing incomes, improving nutrition, ceremony, up to the art and literature. The word "Cage" refers to Balinese for "Cage", symbolizing the domesticated or household animals, such as: cows, pigs, chickens, dogs, ducks, birds, cats, etc.

6. Tumpek Wayang is falls on Sanicara Kliwon wuku Wayang. On this day Balinese make offerings devoted to Ida Hyang Widi Wasa in manifestation as Sang Hyang Iswara, which has penetrated the darkness, illuminating the world, and awaken the power of art and beauty.

On this day all the puppeteers or "Samirana" will take the puppets from the box, arrange them in such a way, the offering is placed and then the prayer is performed. It is also believed to have an impact on birth. Every parent who has child born in wuku Wayang and especially on the Tumpek Wayang will hold a special purification ceremony (ruwatan) and complete with performances of "Wayang Sapuh Leger".


  2. _ Balinese Hinduism _ on May 03, 2018
  3. Image : Original Collection

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