February 12, 2020

Batu Madeg Temple - Beautiful and Sacred Temple in Besakih Bali

Batu Madeg Temple is one of the holy temples of the Besakih Temple Complex. This temple is located in the north of Penataran Agung Temple. Batu Madeg in Balinese is called "batu ngadeg", which means standing stone. This upright stone is also known as a menhir, a tall and vertically placed standing stone dating from the megalithic era.

Batu Madeg Temple Besakih Bali, Pura Batu Madeg Besakih Bali

The temple is located in Besakih Village, Rendang, Karangasem Regency, Bali. This spot can be reached by road on the north side of Penataran Agung Temple. There is a large courtyard which is often used as a parking spot in front of the temple and there is also a "wantilan" or pavilion hall which is quite large.

To go to this temple, you can consider several options: drive yourself to the spot, take a taxi, or join a tour. This is because public transportation to Besakih Temple Complex is still limited.

It would be nice to wear "sarong" cloth and sash as a respect for the customs/culture that have existed since long ago in the Besakih Temple Complex. You can prepare it before the trip or buy it at a seller near the temple.

The standing stone in Pura Batu Madeg is stored in a shrine "Meru Tumpang Solas", which is also the main shrine in Pura Batu Madeg Besakih. This main shrine is dedicated to worship Ida Bhatara Sakti Batu Madeg as a manifestation of Ida Bhatara Wisnu or Lord Vishnu.

Lord Vishnu is one of the gods in Tri Murti as an aspect that nurtures, protects fertility, water, and gives life to people.

In addition to the main shrine, there are also few sacred shrines, each of which is dedicated to worship: Ida Manik Angkeran, Ida Ratu Mas Buncing, Ida Ratu Manik Bungkah, Ida Bhatara Bagus Babotoh, etc.

Batu Madeg Temple is one of the temples in the group of Catur Loka Pala Temple. These are the four temples that surround Padma Tiga (Penataran Agung) in the four cardinal directions. These four temples are mentioned as symbols of sacred lotus petals which surround the flower essence or Padma Tiga (in the middle), in Pura Penataran Agung Besakih. The four temples in the group of Catur Loka Pala Temple are as follows:

  • Gelap Temple, in the East, as a stana of Ida Bhatara Iswara
  • Kiduling Kreteg Temple, in the South, as a stana of Ida Bhatara Brahma
  • Ulun Kulkul Temple, in the West, as a place of Ida Bhatara Mahadeva
  • Batu Madeg Temple, in the North, as a stana of Ida Bhatara Wisnu.

The ceremonies celebrated at Batu Madeg Temple include: Piodalan, Aci Nadiang, Usaba Siram, and Penaung Bayu.

Piodalan is celebrated every Monday or Soma Umanis Wuku Tolu/Tulu which falls once every 210 days (based on "wuku"). Aci Nadiang is celebrated at Panglong Apisan Sasih Karo, the day after the full moon at Sasih Karo. Usaba Siram is celebrated at the Purnama Sasih Kelima (full moon). While Penaung Bayu is defined as a protective force, it is celebrated at Tilem Sasih Kelima (new moon). Celebrations based on "sasih" are celebrated once a year.

During the big ceremony at Besakih Temple and also during the ceremony at Pura Batu Madeg itself, all the shrines in this temple are decorated with "pengangge" or holy banners, all in black color.

The temple is rather high from the surroundings and has a beautiful panorama both towards Mount Agung and towards the valley below. From the entrance gate below, you can enjoy the green garden which is nicely arranged, terraced, and equipped with several exotic stone sculptures.

The entrance stairs are also decorated with dragon carving motifs on both sides. You will step up some stairs, pass the temple gate, and arrive at the main courtyard of the temple. This temple has beautiful traditional Balinese architecture; there are several Meru, pavilions, and other supporting buildings. Visitors can enjoy the beautiful panorama offered and feel the holy vibrations that seemed to bring you back to the past.


  1. google.co.id
  2. wikipedia.org _ Besakih Temple _ on February 10, 2020
  3. Image : Original Collection

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