May 31, 2021

Tipat Bantal War Tradition in Kapal Village, Badung Bali

The tipat bantal war is a hereditary tradition carried out by the community in Kapal Village, Badung Regency. It is a sacred tradition of invoking prosperity for local people's farms. This procession is carried out at the Pura Puseh-Desa, Desa Adat Kapal.

This procession is held once a year, which falls on Purnama Sasih Kapat around September - October. The tipat bantal war ritual is also known as Aci Rah Pengangon. This is an expression of gratitude to the Creator for the blessings of a bountiful harvest and protected from disease and drought.

Tipat is cooked white-rice wrapped in a square plait of coconut leaves. While bantal is cooked glutinous-rice wrapped in coconut leaves and in a cylinder shape. Tipat is a symbol of the female element, while bantal is a symbol of the male element.

The participants of the ritual were local men and they wore traditional Balinese clothes. Before the procession begins, the participants pray together to ask for safety during the ritual.

Next, the participants were divided into two groups and faced each other. They took the tipat and bantal that had been prepared beforehand. After the cue, all participants started throwing tipat and bantal to the other participants.

This unique war tradition is mentioned in an ancient record, namely Lontar Aci Rah Pengangon, which shows the year 1337 AD. It was stated that the Kapal Village experienced a crop failure and caused chaos in the community. Then, Ki Kebo Iwa prayed for a way out to the Creator by meditating at Pura Purusada Kapal.

He received guidance to hold Aci Rah Pengangon ritual with offerings in the form of tipat and bantal. It is a symbol of the Purusa and Pradana or the male and female aspects, which are the source of life. After the ritual was held, the condition of the rice fields gradually improved, the harvest was successful and the community prospered.


  2. _ Siat Tipat Bantal _ on May 28, 2021

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