March 7, 2020

Pura Bangun Sakti Besakih Bali - Nice Temple and Unique Ceremony!

Pura Bangun Sakti is one of the Besakih Temple Complex. The word "bangun sakti" means awaken (mystic) power. This sacred temple is dedicated to worshiping Ida Sang Hyang Widi Wasa in manifestation as I Dewa Bangun Sakti, who is identified with the cosmic dragon Sang Hyang Anantabhoga. This is said that Sang Naga Anantabhoga is the lord of the seven levels of the earth/underworld, known as sapta patala or sapta pretiwi.

Pura Bangun Sakti Besakih Bali, Bangun Sakti Temple Besakih Bali

This temple is located in Besakih Village, Rendang, Karangasem Regency, Bali. The temple is situated on the right side of Jl. Entry Pura Besakih, about 250 meters upward (north-east) from Manik Mas Temple. The public transportation to the Besakih Temple Complex is still limited and this might be a little difficult. You can consider several options, such as: using travel tour services, a taxi, or rent a vehicle and drive yourself to the location.

Generally, for trips to temples in Bali, visitors usually wear sarong (cloth) and waist sash when entering the temple. This might be provided there, but you can also prepare it yourself. In addition, you may have to prepare some money for entrance fees if there is a charge for entering the temple.

The gods in certain temples are believed to have power over specific agricultural pests. In Bangun Sakti Temple, Hyang Naga Anantabhoga is believed to have power over tiny worms called "candang", a pest that causes the rice plant to wither and die.

This holy temple is also believed to be the place where Dang Hyang Manik Angkeran was revived. Manik Angkeran is the son of Dang Hyang Sidimantra. Previously, Manik Angkeran was said to have cut off the tail of Sang Naga Basuki to get the gem. Because of this action, he was burned to ashes by Sang Naga Basuki.

The main shrine in this temple is Gedong Simpen, which is dedicated to worshiping I Dewa Bangun Sakti or Sang Naga Anantabhoga. In addition there are also structures of "bebaturan", bale pavilions, and other supporting buildings. The government of Gianyar Regency has been responsible for this sacred temple.

The pujawali ceremony in Pura Bangun Sakti is celebrated on Wednesday or Buda-Pon wuku Watugunung (Wednesday-Pon of the week Watugunung). The pujawali is also known as Pujawali Bangun Urip, where this celebration aims to invoke a peaceful life for the world.

In addition to the pujawali celebration, at a certain time the Aci Pengangon and Usaba Peneman (Usaba Posya) rituals are also celebrated. As the name implies, Aci Pengangon or "the herdsman’s ceremony", shows that this ritual aims to protect the well-being of livestock, particularly cattle. This ritual is celebrated on the day of Kajeng-Kliwon Enyitan of the month of Jyestha or Sada (around May or early June).

When the ritual procession is complete, worshipers take home the holy water or "wangsuh pada" from the temple and sprinkle this holy water over their cows. The celebration of the Aci Pengangon ritual is an effort to always maintain the animal well-being and protect animals (cows) from disturbances that may arise during the period of plowing the fields.

Meanwhile, Usaba Peneman or also known as Usaba Posya is a sacred ritual dedicated to Sang Naga Anantabhoga so that the deity bestows the blessings of prosperity and fertility for agricultural land. Usaba Peneman is celebrated at Tilem Sasih Kaenem, the new moon of the six-month in Balinese Calendar.


  2. _ Besakih Temple _ on March 05, 2020
  3. Image : Original Collection

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