April 25, 2020

Pura Manik Mas Besakih Bali - Beautiful and Important Temple

Pura Manik Mas lies about 850 meters down-ridge (south-west) from Pura Penataran Agung, is one of the temples in the Besakih Temple Complex. The existence of this temple is often associated with the important role of heat or magma in the bowels of the earth. Like the source of heat from the Sun, heat from the earth's magma is also an important source of energy for life on earth. The temple also has a relationship with Pura Dalem Puri.

Pura Manik Mas Besakih, Manik Mas Temple Besakih

This holy temple is situated in Besakih Village, Rendang, Karangasem Regency, Bali. The public transportation services are still limited; it might feel a bit hard to reach the temple. But don't be discouraged, you can consider several options such as: using a travel tour, a taxi, or you can rent a vehicle and drive yourself to this location.

Visitors can park the vehicles at the Manik Mas Parking Terminal. After exiting the parking lot, you will pass the "candi bentar" (a large split gate) and then walk for about 50 meters up-ridge you will arrive at Pura Manik Mas. The temple is on the left side, there is government office and school nearby.

During trips to temples in Bali, visitors are usually asked to wear sarong (cloth) and waist sash when entering the temple. This is common in Bali and at the same time to respect the culture that already exists in the temple.

In addition, you might need to prepare some money if you are charged to enter the temple. Meanwhile, for those who want to collect souvenirs for display cases, you can find them at the vendors scattered around the parking lot or along the route.

People who want to make prayers to Besakih Temple are suggested to do the first prayer at Manik Mas Temple to purify the mind out of the worldly things, and then continue praying to Pura Penataran Agung.

It is said that in the past during the royal period in Bali, the King usually came to Pura Besakih on horseback and stopped at Manik Mas. Then the King and his retinue will pray together at Manik Mas. After that, the King continued his prayer to Pura Penataran Agung on foot.

Manik Mas Temple is devoted to worshiping Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in manifestation as I Dewa Manik Mas or often identified with Bedawang Nala or I Dewa Mas Malilit. It is mentioned that Bedawang Nala is a cosmic turtle ("bedawang" mean turtle and "nala" mean fire). The turtle is wrapped around by the cosmic dragon, Sang Naga Anantabhoga (incarnation of Lord Brahma) and Sang Naga Basuki (incarnation of Lord Vishnu). The motif of Bedawang Nala wrapped around by two dragons is usually spotted at the bottom of a sacred shrine of Padmasana.

In addition, the temple is also associated with the legend of Ida Manik Angkeran, where he was burned to ashes by Sang Naga Basuki for trying to steal the jewel.

The piodalan ceremony at Manik Mas is celebrated every 210 days which falls on Saniscara Kliwon wuku Wariga or "Tumpek Wariga" (Saturday-Kliwon of the week Wariga). The government of Jembrana Regency has been responsible (pengempon) for this temple.

The temple has a beautiful traditional architecture with a shady atmosphere of lush leaf trees. The main shrine in this temple is "gedong", a temple dedicated to worshiping I Dewa Manik Mas or I Dewa Mas Malilit or Bedawang Nala. There is also a shrine specifically to honoring Bhatari Giriputri. In addition there are also padma, bale pavilion, bebaturan and other supporting buildings.


  1. google.co.id
  2. wikipedia.org _ Besakih Temple _ on April 21, 2020

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