May 6, 2020

Pura Basukian Besakih Bali - Temple of Origin

Pura Basukian Besakih is the last temple of the approach-way, only a few meters from the foot of Pura Penataran Agung. It is said that in this temple, a holy man named Rsi Markandeya planted a "kendi" jar containing five elements, called Pancadatu. The temple is also mentioned to be the forerunner of the existing Besakih Temple Complex.

Pura Basukian Besakih, Pura Basukian Puseh Jagat

This sacred temple is situated in Besakih Village, Rendang, Karangasem Regency, Bali. The public transportation to the Besakih Temple Complex is still limited and a bit difficult for visitors. Even so, you can try alternatives such as: using travel/tour services, a taxi, or rent a vehicle and drive yourself to the location.

For visitors who travel to temples in Bali are usually asked to wear sarong (cloth) and waist scarf when entering the temple. This is common in Bali and to respect the culture that has existed in the temple. In addition, you might need to prepare some money if there is an entrance fee to enter the temple. If you want to collect souvenirs for display cases, you can find them at the vendors nearby.

This is one of the temples in the Besakih Temple Complex, and people call it "puseh" or the origin. This temple has links to two other temples (Pura Penataran Agung and Pura Dalem Puri) of which the three temples are touted as the mother of Pura Kahyangan Tiga. Pura Penataran Agung as pura desa, Pura Dalem Puri as pura dalem, and Pura Basukian as pura puseh which are often mentioned as Pura Basukian Puseh Jagat.

It is said that Rsi Markandeya is a holy man who came from India. He arrived in Java and did yoga meditation at Mt. Demalung (Mt. Merbabu), then moved to Di Hyang (Dieng); both of these places are in Central Java. Then, he headed for Mt. Raung in East Java, where he received a revelation to lead his followers to Mt. Agung in Bali.

Rsi Markandeya and his followers traveled to the island of Bali. This is said to occur around the 8th century AD. After arriving, his followers began cutting down forests to clear land. It was said that this mission had failed, many of his followers had died as a result of suffering, illness, and attack by wild animals. Upon this sad situation, the Sage returned to Mt. Raung.

After a while, Rsi Markandeya wanted to complete his mission once again to Mt. Agung Bali, and he brought his followers (with a smaller number than the previous mission) from the Aga people around Mt. Raung. This time, Rsi Markandeya did something different from his previous mission; he performed the necessary rituals and requested for God's protection.

Rsi Markandeya planted a kendi (clay jar) containing five elements called "Pancadatu", consisting of gold, silver, iron, copper, bronze, together with a precious jewel. After that, his followers began cutting down forests to clear land. It was said that with the implementation of the ritual, all of his followers survived and did not lack anything.

The spot where the Sage planted Pancadatu was given the name "Basuki". Basuki in Sanskrit is "Vasuki" which comes from the word "vasu", meaning wealth, jewel, gold, etc. Basuki is also said to have the meaning of prosperous or prosperity.

Pura Basukian is dedicated to worshiping Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in manifestation as Sang Naga Basuki. The Naga Basuki is often associated as a symbol of water balance in cycles that occur in nature. The water in the sea evaporates into clouds and goes to land, it falls as rain which gives life and prosperity, and finally flows back into the sea.

Basuki or Vasuki is the name of divine being (king of serpents that coiled around Lord Shiva's neck) which appears in the ancient text "the churning of the ocean of milk" or "cosmic ocean" to release the Amrita or nectar of the immortality. This cosmic dragon (vasuki) becomes a rope to turn the mountain on the back of the turtle (avatar of Lord Visnu).

The piodalan ceremony at Basukian Temple is celebrated every 210 days which falls on Buda Wage wuku Kelau (Wednesday-Wage of the week Kelau). The government of Tabanan Regency has been responsible for this holy temple.

This is a holy temple where worshipers come to pray for salvation. This temple has beautiful traditional architecture. The main temple in this temple is the seven-roofed meru, dedicated to worshiping Sang Naga Basuki. There is also bale pavilion and also kawitan shrine of the dadia Bali Mula in the outer courtyard.


  2. _ Besakih Temple _ on May 4, 2020
  3. Image : Original Collection

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