May 13, 2020

Pura Ulun Kulkul Besakih - Nice Temple And Sacred Slit Gong

Pura Ulun Kulkul is one of the temples in Besakih Temple Complex, dedicated to worshiping Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in manifestation as Lord Mahadewa or I Dewa Ulun Kulkul. The temple lies about 350 meters down-ridge from Penataran Agung Temple, on the left side of the approach-way.

Pura Ulun Kulkul Besakih, Ulun Kulkul Temple Besakih

This holy temple is situated in Besakih Village, Rendang, Karangasem Regency, Bali. The public transportation service is still limited and might feel a bit hard for visitors. But don't be discouraged, you can try these options such as: using a travel tour, a taxi, or you can rent a vehicle and drive yourself to this location.

During trips to temples in Bali, visitors are usually asked to wear sarong (cloth) and waist sash when entering the temple. This is common in Bali and at the same time to respect the culture that already exists in the temple. In addition, you might need to prepare some money if there is an entrance fee. You can collect souvenirs for display cases at the vendors scattered near the temple.

In the temple there is a big sacred "kulkul". Kulkul is a traditional wooden slit-gong that functions as a signal device to summon or convey a certain message to the community. It is said that when the village community made kulkul, they requested holy water from Ulun Kulkul Temple and hoped that the message delivered would be obeyed by the community. This temple is also a place for oath-taking rituals to resolve a dispute.

Pura Ulun Kulkul is one of the temples in the group of Catur Lokapala. Catur Lokapala Temple consist of four temples, which depict lotus petals surrounding flower pollen or Padma Tiga (Pura Penataran Agung). The temples included in Catur Lokapala consist of: Gelap Temple (honours Lord Iswara in the east), Kiduling Kreteg Temple (honours Lord Brahma in the south), Ulun Kulkul Temple (honours Lord Mahadewa in the west), and Batu Madeg Temple (honours Lord Wisnu in the north).

This sacred temple has important ceremonies related to agriculture, namely Aci Pangurip Gumi and Aci Sarin Tahun. Aci Pangurip Gumi is celebrated on the new moon of Sasih Katiga. "Pangurip Gumi" means giving life to the world (earth). The ritual aims to request to the deity so that agricultural crops can flourish and give good results.

Aci Sarin Tahun is celebrated on the new moon of Sasih Kaulu, immediately after the harvest season. This is a sacred ritual, celebrated once a year as an expression of gratitude with the offering of agricultural produce (paddy). The ritual has a relationship with plant fertility and the adequacy of crops (rice and corn). Holy water or "wangsuh pada" is usually brought home and sprinkled over the fields as a blessing from the deity.

The ritual held at Ulun Kulkul Temple also shows a close relationship with Pura Dalem Puri. This ritual is "Patabuhan Usaba Dalem", which held a few days before Usaba Dalem Puri. The ritual aims to announce to the gods from all pura dalem that the spirits of the dead in their care should come to Pura Dalem Puri at the time of the usaba.

This is a holy temple where worshipers come to pray and ask for salvation. The main shrine at Ulun Kulkul Temple is "gedong", a shrine dedicated to worshiping Lord Mahadewa or I Dewa Ulun Kulkul. In addition there are also structures such as: Bale Kulkul, Bale Pelik, etc.

The piodalan ceremony at the temple is celebrated every 210 days, which falls on Saniscara Kliwon wuku Wariga or "Tumpek Wariga" (Saturday-Kliwon of the week Wariga). During the ceremony at the temple and also at the big ceremony at Besakih Temple, this temple will be decorated with "pengangge" or holy fabrics with yellow color, as a symbol of Lord Mahadewa. The government of Gianyar Regency has been responsible for the temple and funds the ritual of Aci Pangurip Gumi.


  2. _ Besakih Temple _ on May 11, 2020

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