July 3, 2020

Pura Ratu Pasek Besakih Bali - Sacred Temple And Nice View Of Mount Agung

Pura Ratu Pasek is one of the temples in Besakih Temple Complex and at the same time part of Catur Lawa. This temple can be reached via a nice path with few steps, just on the right (east) of Pura Penataran Agung Besakih. When praying to the Besakih Temple, the residents of Pasek pray first at Ratu Pasek Temple.

Pura Ratu Pasek Besakih Bali, Pura Catur Lawa Ratu Pasek Besakih

This holy temple is situated in Besakih Village, Rendang, Karangasem Regency, Bali. The public transportation service to Besakih Temple is a bit limited. No need to be discouraged, visitors can go to the temple by ordering tour services, a taxi, or you can rent a vehicle and drive yourself to this location.

When traveling to temples around Bali, visitors are usually asked to wear a sarong (cloth) and waist sash. This is common in Bali and at the same time to respect the culture in the temple. It would be nice to prepare some money beforehand. There is a chance you will be charged (entrance ticket) to enter the temple.

As one of the temples in Catur Lawa, the temple has close links with Pura Penataran Agung and at the same time has a responsibility (as "penyade") to Pura Catur Loka Pala. The Catur Loka Pala is a group of four temples that are likened to lotus petals which surround the pollen, consisting of: Pura Gelap, Pura Kiduling Kreteg, Pura Ulun Kulkul, and Pura Batu Madeg.

When the pujawali ceremony is held at Penataran Agung Temple, it will begin with "matur piuning", an announcement ritual at the Catur Lawa Temple.

Also, during the annual festival celebration of Bhatara Turun Kabeh Kabeh (all gods descend all together) which is focused in Pura Penataran Agung, it is usually accompanied by a procession of Melasti or bathing rituals.

This holy procession starts from Besakih Temple to Segara Watu Klotok Temple in Klungkung Regency. All the god symbols of Catur Lawa are at the forefront, lead the procession in a predetermined sequence, starting from: Ida Ratu Pande, Ida Ratu Pasek, Ida Ratu Penyarikan, and Ida Ratu Dukuh Sagening.

The Catur Lawa has an important role to support the ceremony held in Besakih Temple, where Ratu Pasek Temple (pasek group) is assigned as organizer of the ceremony. The Catur Lawa temples are as follows:

  • Pura Ratu Pasek, in White color, as penyade or has responsibility for Pura Gelap in the East.
  • Pura Ratu Pande (Pura Penataran Pande), in Red, has responsibility for Pura Kiduling Kreteg in the South.
  • Pura Ratu Bagus Penyarikan, in Yellow, has responsibility for Pura Ulun Kulkul in the West.
  • Pura Ida Ratu Dukuh (Seganing), in Black, has responsibility for Pura Batu Madeg in the North.

This sacred temple has beautiful architecture and also stunning panoramas of Mount Agung. The main temple is the Meru of Seven Roofs dedicated to the worship of Ida Ratu Pasek which is identified with Mpu Semeru. In addition, there is also the Meru of Three Roofs as "pelinggih pesimpangan" or a visiting shrine of Mpu Gnijaya, where his main temple is situated in Pura Lempuyang Madya.

In the Pasek tradition there are five brothers known as Panca Tirta, they are Mpu Gnijaya, Mpu Semeru, Mpu Gana, Mpu Kuturan, and Mpu Bradah. Mpu Semeru is said to have arrived in Bali around 999 AD (or 921 Saka) and Pura Ratu Pasek is mentioned as his place of worship when arrived at Besakih.

Meanwhile, the Pasek Sanak Pitu (as sons of Mpu Gnijaya) support four "warga" temple or "Catur Parahyangan", consisting of: Ratu Pasek Temple Besakih, Pura Lempuyang Madya (honouring Mpu Gnijaya), Pura Silayukti at Padangbai (honouring Mpu Kuturan), and Pura Dasar Buana at Gelgel (associated with Mpu Gana, has now moved to Banjar Punduk Dawa, Dawan, Klungkung Regency).

As with other temples, Ratu Pasek Temple also has a descendant group or pangamong who is responsible for everything in the temple so that it can function as it should. The Pasek Selat family has become the pangamong in this temple and is supported by the Pasek family around the area of Rendang, Straits, and Sidemen. The piodalan ceremony in the temple falls on Purnama Sasih Kawulu (the full moon of the eighth month).


  1. google.co.id
  2. wikipedia.org _ Besakih Temple _ on July 04, 2020
  3. Image : Original Collection

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